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Fig. 1.3 All the connective tissues involve
varying concentrations of cells, fibers, and
interfibrillar ground substance
(proteoaminoglycans). (Reproduced with
kind permission from Williams 1995.)
Fig. 1.5 The tensile part of mechanical forces is transmitted by the
connective tissues, which are all connected to each other. The
joint capsule (1) is continuous with the muscle attachment (2) is
continuous with the epimysial fascia (3) is continuous with the
tendon (4) is continuous with the periosteum (5) is continuous with
the joint capsule (6), etc. For dissections of such continuities in the
arm, see Figures 7.7 and 7.29.
to the large sheets and woven fabric that invest or sur-
round individual muscles, but we choose to apply it
more generally. All naming of parts of the body imposes
an artificial, human-perceived distinction on an event
that is unitary. Since we are at pains in this topic to keep
our vision on the whole, undivided, ubiquitous nature
of this net, we choose to call it the fascial net. (If you
wish, substitute 'collagenous network' or 'connective
tissue webbing' or Gray's 'extracellular matrix'; here we
will go with the simple 'fascia'.)
Connective tissue is very aptly named. Although its
walls of fabric do act to direct fluids, and create discrete
pockets and tubes, its uniting functions far outweigh its
Fig. 1.4 Vesalius, like other early anatomists given the opportunity
to study the human body, exposed the structures with a knife.
This legacy of thinking into the body with a blade is with us still,
affecting our thinking about what happens inside ourselves. 'A
muscle' is a concept that proceeds from the scalpel approach to
the body. (Reproduced with permission from Saunders JB,
O'Mallev C. Dover Publications: 1973.)
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