Healthcare and Medicine Reference
In-Depth Information
Appendix
A note on the meridians of latitude:
the work of Dr Louis Schultz (1927-2007)
this topic concerns itself primarily with the myofascial
connections that run the full length of the body and
limbs, the longitudinal meridians if you will. What we
have described, of course, are only a few of the myriad
fascial connections within the body. Another set, identi-
fied and written about by the late Dr Louis Schultz and
Dr Rosemary Feitis, DO, 1 are local horizontal bands or
straps within the body's myofascia, which act somewhat
like retinacula. Like the retinacula at the ankle or wrist,
they are thickenings in the deep investing layer of fascia
and in the areolar layer of loose connective tissue (super-
ficial to the myofascial layers we have been discussing;
see also the discussion of Guimberteau's exploration of
this layer at the end of Ch. 1) which restrain, for better or
worse, the movement of the underlying tissues.
The Endless Web, written by Dr Schultz and Dr Feitis,
discusses these body retinacula in detail. However, I
learned these ideas from Dr Schultz, to whom I owe a
deep debt of gratitude. Ideas in this topic about fascial
embryology and fascial connectivity were all inspired
by his teaching, and the myofascial meridians described
are extensions of his original concept.
These straps are not described in traditional anatomy
texts, but are readily visible and often palpable in the
more superficial layers of tissue. Figure A1.1 shows
seven bands commonly seen in the torso. The bands are
variable in their exact positioning and in their degree of
tension or binding.
The chest strap - roughly corresponding to the loca-
tion of a bra strap - is visible on most people in the front,
at or just above the level of the xiphoid. It is easy to see
how excessive tightness or binding in this strap would
restrict breathing, as well as the free movement of the
SFL, FFL, and SPL in the superficial musculature under
the strap. The other straps are more variable, but readily
identifiable in many people. Since the bands lie super-
ficially, they tend to restrict fat deposition; bands can
often be identified in adipose tissue contours.
These straps can restrict or divert the pull through
the superficial myofascial meridians, linking the lines
together at a horizontal level, or restricting the free flow
of movement through a meridian where it passes under
the strap.
In structural or postural misalignment the binding
nature of the straps is increased to try to stabilize an
unstable structure. Interestingly the straps occur at the
level of the spinal junctions (Fig. A1.2):
• the sphenobasilar junction connects with the eye
band;
• the craniocervical junction connects with the chin
band;
• the cervicothoracic junction connects with the collar
band;
• the dorsal hinge (a functional mid-thoracic hinge,
usually around the level of T6) connects with the
chest band;
• the thoracolumbar junction connects with the
umbilical band;
• the sacrolumbar junction connects with the inguinal
band;
• the sacrococcygeal junction connects with the groin
band.
The temptation to further link these levels with the
autonomic plexi or endocrine gland is strong but
resistible.
Schultz and Feitis offer some intriguing anecdotal
correlates to emotional and developmental events in
connection with these bands. Since our purpose here is
less explanatory and more descriptive, we simply point
out the empirical existence of these bands and refer the
reader to The Endless Web for further development of
these and other related ideas.
1. The lowest band in the torso (pubic band) extends
from the pubic bone in front across the groin
(which is thereby shortened), around the hip
bones (the greater trochanter of the femur), and
across the buttocks, including the junction of the
sacrum and coccyx.
2. The band across the lower abdomen (inguinal
band) is frequently more prominent in men. It
connects the two projections of the pelvic bones in
front (the anterior superior spines of the ilia). It
usually dips slightly downward in front, like an
inverted arch. Its lower margin tends to include
the inguinal ligament, connecting the band
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