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￿ Other groups experiencing a particularly strong impact are: Latinas
(74%), single mothers (73%), and women without a college degree (74%).
Anika Rahman ( Ms. Foundation for Women, 2012b ) used the term
“womancession” to indicate that, since the economic downturn, women
were losing jobs faster than men, mainly because of drastic cuts in areas
like education and health care. These were the areas where women make
up the majority of the workforce. In the state and local public sector,
women are affected by the attacks on public-sector unions. Women suffer
most from cuts to social services because they're more likely to be poor
and care for children and the elderly.
Calvasina, Calvasina, and Calvasina (2011) and others who studied the
current economic downturn discovered a growing trend of sexual harass-
ment complaints from men. It was reported that a total of 16.4% of all
sexual harassment claims, or 2,094 claims, were filed by men in fiscal
2009. This finding was shown to be up from 15.4%, or 1,869 claims, in
fiscal 2006, as reported by the US Equal Employment Opportunity
Commission. From January 2009 to December 2011, 3.44 million men
lost jobs they had held for at least 3 years, compared with 2.68 million
women, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (2012) .
Attorney David McManus ( Mattioli, 2010 ) and others cited a spike in
employment litigation claims that occurred during previous economic
downturns. The increase in sexual harassment claims filed by men during
the current economic downturn could be related to the type of work that
primarily involves men. Jobs such as manufacturing and construction
have been hit exceptionally hard by the economic downturn.
Typically, male victims experience less serious behavior such as grop-
ing and unwanted sexual advances. Attorney Ron Chapman ( Mattioli,
2010 ) reported that employment lawyers found that vulgar “locker
room” type behavior and horseplay with sexual connotations has increas-
ingly been the subject of claims. Several employment lawyers found that,
in the past when jobs were harder to obtain, many forms of litigation,
especially relating to discrimination, increased. Greg Grant ( Mattioli,
2010 ), an attorney in Washington, DC, stated that “in the past, men who
were victims of harassment might have sought other job opportunities
rather than filing harassment claims.”
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