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sexual jokes. The women were also required to entertain the company's
customers and potential clients at a number of strip clubs in Chicago.
After the case was examined, the women were granted more than $1
million in damages.”
Cole et al. (1997) explained that, like other workplace stressors, sexual
harassment can have negative effects on a woman's health that are some-
times very serious. It is obvious that when sexual harassment is severe,
such as with rape or attempted rape, women can be seriously traumatized.
But even where sexual harassment is less severe, women can have numer-
ous psychological and other health-related problems. Women may
become fearful, depressed, and lack the ability to cope. Other symptoms
can be physical, such as stomach aches, headaches, nausea, and trauma.
Women may exhibit behavioral problems such as sleeplessness, sexual pro-
blems, and difficulties in their relations with other people.
A report by the Ms. Foundation for Women (2012a) describes how
women are bearing the brunt of the recent economic crisis. The
Community Voices for the Economy and Lake Research Partners Survey
reported that two-thirds of Americans stated that the economic downturn
continues to have a definite impact on their lives. The impact of sexual
harassment on women in the workplace will most likely be related to this
crisis. This is especially relevant for low-income women and women of
color. It is difficult to determine the effect that sexual harassment in the
workplace has on women based upon these findings. A key indicator of
recent economic security is the percentage of Americans who report living
paycheck to paycheck all or most of the time. This indicator was found to
be up by five points over 2010 to 49%. The increase among low-income
women was especially devastating with 77% reporting living paycheck to
paycheck. This represented a 17-point jump from the previous year.
Highlights from the survey include the following.
￿ Seventy-one percent of women and 65% of men reported that the eco-
nomic downturn had some or a great deal of impact on their families.
￿ Nearly half of all Americans (46%) remain concerned that they or
someone in their household could be out of a job in the next
12 months.
￿ Low-income women continue to feel the greatest impact from the
downturn, with 80% saying it has had some or a great deal of impact,
compared with 73% of low-income men.
 
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