Healthcare and Medicine Reference
Having one's personal life offered up for public scrutiny—the victim
becomes the “accused,” and his or her dress, lifestyle, and private life
will often come under attack;
Becoming publicly sexualized (i.e., groups of people “evaluate” the
victim to establish if he or she is “worth” the sexual attention or the
risk to the harasser's career);
Defamation of character and reputation;
Loss of trust in environments similar to that where the harassment
Loss of trust in the types of people that occupy similar positions as the
harasser or his or her colleagues, especially where they are not sup-
portive or in case of difficulties or stress on peer relationships or rela-
tionships with colleagues;
Effects on sexual life and relationships—can put extreme stress upon
relationships, sometimes resulting in divorce;
Weakening of support network, or being ostracized from professional
or academic circles (friends, colleagues, or family may distance them-
selves from the victim, or shun him or her altogether);
Having to relocate to another city, another job, or another school;
Loss of references/recommendations.
TYPES OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN THE WORKPLACE
Sexual harassments can occur in a variety of circumstances and situations.
But most often the harasser is in a position of power or authority over
the victim. This can be due to differences in age, or social, political, edu-
cational, or employment relationships. Some harassers may expect to gain
power or authority in the form of a promotion.
Many types of harassment have been described by various writers.
A number of relationships and circumstances were described by Heyman
(1994) , which include the following.
The harasser can be anyone, such as a client, a co-worker, a parent or
legal guardian, relative, a teacher or professor, a student, a friend, or a
The victim does not have to be the person directly harassed but can be a
witness of such behavior who finds the behavior offensive and is affected
The place of harassment occurrence may be school, university, work-
place, or other locations.
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