Healthcare and Medicine Reference
In-Depth Information
The guidelines for the amount of marijuana found in his possession
calls for a prison sentence, but who will take care of the elderly mother?
If she sentences him to probation, she faces judicial scrutiny and possible
sanctions in her appointed job because her decision would be contrary to
the guidelines imposed by a strongly anti-drug-use legislature.
She told me that “His face reflected what so many others tell me in
their eyes: A pleading to be released, a desire to do better for themselves,
if only in this moment. I, of course, have heard it all before. I know of
all the jobs that are starting “tomorrow,” of all the children that need
them to be “out” so they can provide for their families, and even the
ones who just look at me as only a shell of the person they once were.
But for today, at this hour, at this time, I believe him and yet I must sen-
tence him to jail time. It eats away at me. I go home and look at the cal-
endar and wonder if I can make it for three more years until I can retire.
I'm not sure that I can.”
WAYS OF DETERMINING JOB DISSATISFACTION
AND WORKER BURNOUT: THEORIES X, Y, AND Z
There are a number of well-accepted ways to determine job dissatisfaction
and worker burnout. The following are a few, and more instruments may
be found on the book's website.
Job Satisfaction
The Job Descriptive Index (JDI; Smith, Kendall, & Hulin, 1969 ) is the
most frequently used measure. The JDI measure five major factors associ-
ated with job satisfaction: the nature of the work itself, compensations
and benefits, attitudes towards supervisors, relations with co-workers, and
opportunities for promotion. To understand how the JDI and similar
instruments can give us an understanding of the level of job satisfaction
across all occupations, Table 2.1 shows data reported by Bryner (2007) on
a 2006 national study of 27,000 workers conducted at the University of
Chicago, which provides, for a range of occupations, the percentage of
workers in each occupation who are satisfied with their work.
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivators
On average, 47% of all workers surveyed by Bryner (2007) said they were
satisfied with their jobs and 33% reported being very happy. Table 2.1
shows that many of the most highly satisfied workers are also only moder-
ately paid (clergy, teachers, authors). The reason for this may have to do
 
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