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psychological disturbances and clinical depression. The findings revealed
that QOLT had a clinically significant effect upon the sample treatment
group. This study demonstrated that the treatment group's statistical
means were well within one standard deviation of the mean for samples at
post-test and follow-up. It was determined by a National Institute of
Mental Health (NIMH) panel of experts ( Newman, Ciarlo, & Carpenter,
1999 ) that the Frisch Quality of Life Inventory (QOLI) met the eleven
essential criteria for a useful assessment instrument. The evaluation of the
QOLI resulted in its being rated as very good to excellent according to
the following criteria:
￿ Psychometric strength in clinical and non-clinical settings;
￿ Clinically significant and practical;
￿ Understood by non-professional audiences;
￿ Compatible with diverse theories and clinical practices;
￿ A low measure of cost relative to its uses;
￿ Useful in assessing treatment progress as well as outcomes;
￿ Relevant to a broad target group;
￿ Predictive, convergent, discriminant, and treatment validity;
￿ Test-retest and internal consistency reliability;
￿ Based upon a nationwide normative study.
The QOLI ( Frisch, 1994a,b ) provides a valid score that indicates a
person's overall satisfaction with life, based on how well their needs, goals,
and wishes are being met in important areas of their life. It was noted by
Frisch that the data from this QoLT Inventory should also be used in
conjunction with professional judgment based upon other pertinent
information concerning the individual client.
The general application of Quality of Life Therapy (QOLT; Frisch,
2006 ) to work-related issues can be outlined as follows.
￿ The Quality of Life Inventory (QOLI; Frisch, 1992, 1994a,b )providesa
measure of positive life satisfaction based on QoL theory. The QOLI can
be designed to comprehensively screen for problems and strengths related
to job-displaced individuals. QOLI scores can also be used to plan treat-
ment, monitor progress, and evaluate the symptoms of potentially
depressed individuals. Frisch (1994b) describes the procedure as follows.
￿ The QOLI consists of 16 items. The items are selected to include all
domains of life, including work, that have been empirically associated
with overall QoL.
￿ Respondents rate how important each of the 16 domains including
work is related to their overall happiness and satisfaction.
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