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￿ World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) Group (1998) ;
￿ Schedule of the Evaluation of Individual Quality of Life (SEIQOL)
( Broadhead et al., 1998 );
￿ Quality of Life Inventory (QOLI) ( Frisch, 1994a,b );
￿ Quality of Life Therapy (QOLT) ( Frisch, 2006 ).
The model developed by Frisch (2006) that is primarily used in this
chapter, Quality of Life Therapy (QOLT), was selected as an integrative
and multidimensional construct. This model focuses on generic interac-
tive objective and subjective measures that are very relevant for addressing
work-related issues. The QOLT model is related to an individual's
satisfaction with work circumstances, personal attitudes, and standards. It
is also recognized that defining, measuring, and scaling these concepts
will need further articulation and refinement. In spite of some limitations,
the QOLT model presents an opportunity to enhance assessment and
treatment, for individuals, families, and communities at risk for job
displacement and workplace-related problems.
As an example, for years a faith-based social services agency has served
literally thousands of people in a primarily low- to middle-class down-
town area in Phoenix, Arizona. Before and during the recent economic
downturn, it became readily apparent that the financial crisis that resulted
in drastic job displacement was the tip of the proverbial iceberg. In many
cases unemployment was not always initially presented as the primary
problem, but it invariably became a prominent issue. People came to the
agency by way of various emergencies, circumstances, and conditions.
A diverse group of individuals came to the agency needing help for
reasons that included substance abuse, re-entry from penal institutions,
and work loss. QOLT screening assessments were used to help assess and
determine the type of intervention that was deemed most appropriate for
this group of clients. QOLT provided guidance and screening for poten-
tial DSM disorders and support during job displacement. The QOLT
core techniques that were used for assessment and interventions placed an
emphasis on those areas of specific concern to the individual. For exam-
ple, the QOLT assessment may have found that spiritual values were of
greater interest to a recently displaced worker with a minimal interest in
immediate paid employment. In this case, all areas would be considered,
but spiritual goals and values would be emphasized and work interven-
tions would be de-emphasized for this individual for a period of time.
Although QOLT was able to emphasize specific areas of interest
depending upon the clients' concerns and needs, it was recommended
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