Healthcare and Medicine Reference
networks should be considered as co-equal or in collaboration with
others' efforts aimed at addressing social, psychological,
other problems related to workplace challenges.
Based upon the work of Diener and Larsen (1993) , later supported by
Frisch (2006) , an integrated QoL approach can be particularly beneficial in
addressing problems related to the recent economic downturn as follows.
As a result of the economic downturn, work life and the workplace is
changing rapidly and putting increased pressure on businesses and
human service organizations
Comprehensive approaches should be emphasized that address clients'
workplace problems and functioning in all domains of life.
The need for QoL constructs and procedures that allow for integra-
tion across disciplines in order to increase treatment efficacy and flexi-
bility should be recognized.
The feelings and needs of new and diverse clientele, including dis-
placed workers, using both traditional and creative interventions
should be included.
The interdisciplinary research on QoL and subjective well-being that
may further the clinical enterprise in psychology, medicine, and ger-
ontology should be applied.
An understanding of human behavior in general, and clinical disorders
such as depression in particular should be increased.
A theoretical framework that facilitates clinical and conceptual integra-
tion should be further developed.
Clinical assessment to a new, relevant, and practical realm of human
functioning should be extended.
The development and use of brief QoL work-related interventions
should be encouraged.
Integrated Quality of Life Therapy (IQOLT) helps to support the per-
spective that improved work-related outcomes can be achieved with an
integrated and multidisciplinary helping approach ( Frisch, 1992 ). A major
concern that is frequently noted in the QoL literature is the need for a
more valid and methodologically reliable basis for supporting QoL theory.
Concerns have been raised regarding QoL in general and its contribution
as a valid assessment and treatment outcome measure ( Frisch et al., 2005 ).
This chapter is guided by several useful models and constructs which have
been found to be valid, reliable, comprehensive, and integrative treatment
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