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networks should be considered as co-equal or in collaboration with
others' efforts aimed at addressing social, psychological,
financial, and
other problems related to workplace challenges.
Based upon the work of Diener and Larsen (1993) , later supported by
Frisch (2006) , an integrated QoL approach can be particularly beneficial in
addressing problems related to the recent economic downturn as follows.
￿ As a result of the economic downturn, work life and the workplace is
changing rapidly and putting increased pressure on businesses and
human service organizations
to conduct
￿ Comprehensive approaches should be emphasized that address clients'
workplace problems and functioning in all domains of life.
￿ The need for QoL constructs and procedures that allow for integra-
tion across disciplines in order to increase treatment efficacy and flexi-
bility should be recognized.
￿ The feelings and needs of new and diverse clientele, including dis-
placed workers, using both traditional and creative interventions
should be included.
￿ The interdisciplinary research on QoL and subjective well-being that
may further the clinical enterprise in psychology, medicine, and ger-
ontology should be applied.
￿ An understanding of human behavior in general, and clinical disorders
such as depression in particular should be increased.
￿ A theoretical framework that facilitates clinical and conceptual integra-
tion should be further developed.
￿ Clinical assessment to a new, relevant, and practical realm of human
functioning should be extended.
￿ The development and use of brief QoL work-related interventions
should be encouraged.
Integrated Quality of Life Therapy (IQOLT) helps to support the per-
spective that improved work-related outcomes can be achieved with an
integrated and multidisciplinary helping approach ( Frisch, 1992 ). A major
concern that is frequently noted in the QoL literature is the need for a
more valid and methodologically reliable basis for supporting QoL theory.
Concerns have been raised regarding QoL in general and its contribution
as a valid assessment and treatment outcome measure ( Frisch et al., 2005 ).
This chapter is guided by several useful models and constructs which have
been found to be valid, reliable, comprehensive, and integrative treatment
approaches, including:
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