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strategies. Quality of life methods provide a basis for enhancing the effec-
tiveness of other strategies. This enhancement role places additional
emphasis on the need for more valid QoL assessment and intervention
measures.
QoL and Quality of Life Therapy (QOLT) represents the conceptual
and practical framework used throughout this chapter ( Frisch, 2006 ). This
approach help explain many of the relationships between the QoL
approach and involuntary job displacement during the recent economic
downturn. For example, QoL measures have the potential of expressing a
worker's personal feelings and values such as health, self-esteem, happiness
and other factors as being a more prominent concern related to the work-
place. QOLT constitutes a way for individuals to evaluate their overall sat-
isfaction with life within and beyond the workplace ( Eid & Larson, 2008;
Frisch, 2006 ).
Diener and Larsen (1993) and Frisch (2006)
indicated how QoL
theory can help explain the relationship between:
￿ Subjective well-being (SWB) or happiness, which is related to the
degree to which a person's emotional and cognitive evaluations of
their most important needs, goals, and wishes have been fulfilled;
￿ Life satisfaction, which is viewed as the subjective evaluation or per-
ceived gap between what a person has and what they desire to have in
valued areas of life.
Quality of Life is expressed as the combination of these two components.
This chapter expands upon the definition of a working alliance. The
Frisch (2006) definition of QoL articulated the working alliance as the
agreement between helping professionals and clients on the goals and
tasks of treatment and the presence of a strong bond between helping
professionals and clients. A stronger working alliance was associated with
positive appraisals of subjective quality of life ( Bordin, 1983 ). Outcome
research has indicated that clients' perceptions of working alliances are
major predictors of the success of various types of interventions, such as
psychotherapy and case management services. The professional therapist
or case manager needs various strategies to establish and maintain working
alliances with patients and their supportive networks.
Beck, Rush, Shaw, and Emery (1979), Frisch (1992), Lewinsohn,
Redner, and Seeley (1991) , and others saw QoL factors as contributing
causes or the consequences of various psychological or physical life chal-
lenges. In order to provide for more comprehensive assessments or inter-
ventions, QoL integrative approaches between a client's
supportive
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