Healthcare and Medicine Reference
generic and specific appraisals can be made with QoL of an individual's
circumstances and attitudes measured against an ideal standard. QoL is also
determined by the extent to which a person's feelings, hopes, and desires
are matched by their achievement. There are a variety of interacting objec-
tive and subjective dimensions of an individual's QoL, measured by sixteen
domains and other areas (QOLI) that constitute their overall quality of life.
Quality of life has been further explained by Diener and Seligman (2004)
as a tool to support treatment outcomes of cognitive therapy and ongoing
therapeutic treatment as required. Quality of Life assessment and interven-
tion has also been found to be beneficial in working with non-clinical
populations such as unemployed workers ( Clark, Beck, & Alford, 1999 ).
Quality of Life Inventory (QOLI) measures provide a useful means of
assessing the feelings, goals, and the value of work for displaced workers
in the context of the recent economic downturn. Assessments of the eco-
nomic downturn have primarily focused upon unemployment and finan-
cial considerations. A number of findings have shown how the financial
impact of the economic downturn has disrupted and sometimes devas-
tated the quality of people's lives. The subjective well-being of displaced
workers is affected in various dimensions, including health, children, fam-
ily, social belonging, and leisure activities. Fewer stories have been writ-
ten about the consequences of work loss on individuals' overall quality of
life. A greater understanding is needed of how to measure the feelings,
goals and circumstances of people who have experienced loss of work.
Quality of Life Therapy (QOLT) as an assessment and intervention
method can provide a way of including an individual's personal feelings
within a social context that is important to them. Quality of Life Therapy
can provide a useful multidisciplinary approach to assess a wide range of
individual domains that constitute a person's quality of life. It can be
potentially useful in addressing issues related to the economic downturn
and worker job displacement. Quality of Life Inventory measures can be
applied as both generic and specific measures depending on whether the
purpose is for assessment, treatment, or evaluation of a job-displaced
worker's quality of life.
American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders
(4th ed.). Washington, DC: APA.
Andrews, F. M., & Withey, S. B. (1976). Social indicators of well-being: Americans' perceptions
of life quality. New York: Plenum.
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