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such as work loss can reduce family resources that impact the quality of
education outcomes for their children. Evidence has also shown that job
displacement factors impact other areas such as early childhood nutrition,
which can impact cognitive development. Other studies have shown that
improved nutrition factors can lead to greater grade attainment, reading
comprehension, and cognitive abilities. The health and nutrition pro-
blems that can have a long-term effect on the the lives of children during
an economic downturn suggests the need for using QoL measures related
to work loss (Vincent & Higginson, 2003).
Although there has been increasing support for using Quality of Life
measures as explicated by Frisch (2006) , Seed and Lloyd (1997) , and
others in Chapter 13 of this topic, it is generally agreed that QoL
outcome measures can have some bias due to their many interrelated sub-
jective and objective dimensions. Bowling (2003) and others cautioned
that, due to many mediating variables other than specific and individual-
ized QoL outcome measures, it can be a complex process to understand.
Stephens and Schaller (2009) noted increasing evidence that laid-off
workers are prone to suffer QoL outcome declines in health that may
prove difficult to fully understand or measure. There may also be a need
to more fully explain how sudden work loss influences outcomes that are
associated with stress-related health problems. Diener and Suh (1999)
provide supportive evidence that QoL measurements are a valid means to
determine what people feel are important to their subjective well-being
and life satisfaction. Diener and Seligman (2004) noted that economic
adversity and unemployment can have a detrimental effect on people's
lives. QoL indicators provide measures and strategies to address issues
related to unemployment, such as depression and emotional and physical
health. Due to some of the limitations of QoL measures, this approach
can be most effectively used in conjunction with other disciplines, to
better address job loss outcomes and develop strategies to deal with them.
Quality of Life (QoL) is a dynamic concept that is determined by a range
of interacting objective and subjective measures. The degree to which an
individual's desires and ambitions are met often depends upon their
perception of the position they hold in the context of their culture. In rela-
tion to job-displaced workers the concept of QoL is an appropriate
method to measure an individual's goals and personal concerns. Both
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