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job displacement could benefit from a better perspective of diversity and
job-displaced workers by selecting appropriate QoL measures.
Despite a long history of challenges to its validity and reliability,
Quality of Life theory has developed a number of empirically grounded
multidimensional, assessment and intervention tools. Many of these mea-
sures can provide a better understanding of the needs and concerns of
displaced workers. Frisch (2006) developed a number of studies and mod-
els that demonstrated the value of using QoL independent and objective
measures in alliance with other methods. In spite of a number of
challenges, QoL methods have demonstrated the value of recognizing the
expressed feelings of laid-off workers and what's important to them. This
chapter presents QoL methods as a means to understanding the broader
social and personal well-being indicators of job-displaced workers. This
chapter is related to how the recent economic downturn and job
displacement impacts a wide range of social domains as well as financial
and psychological quality of life domains.
Consistent with the QoL approach, McKee-Ryan, Song, Wanberg,
and Kinicki (2005) identified specific measures that include increased
levels of distress and depression, as a consequence of involuntary job loss.
The study extended beyond individual workers to include families and
community domains and indicators. Vinokur, Price, and Caplan (1996) ,
Westman, Etzion, and Horovitz (2004) , and others found that most peo-
ple respond to job displacement in the context of relationships with
significant others who are often regarded as among the most important
QoL concerns ( Frisch, 2006 ).
As a result of the economic downturn and work loss, it may be useful
to understand some of the interrelated circumstances that displaced work-
ers can experience within the overall quality of their lives. QoL is a con-
cept that has the potential to identify a wide range of complex
implications related to both abrupt and long-term involuntary job
displacement. Previous economic research has shown how poor mental
and physical health can negatively impact a worker's employment success
and the quality of their work life. This chapter is concerned with how
involuntary job displacement indirectly impacts mental and physical
health domains as well as other work-related QoL factors.
David Grusky et al. (2011) noted that, during 2008 and 2009, the
United States suffered one of the largest drops in labor force employment
since the Great Depression. The massive number of jobs that were sud-
denly lost during this recent economic downturn has had an effect on
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