Healthcare and Medicine Reference
In-Depth Information
Treating Work-Related Problems
This chapter discusses best evidence for treating job dissatisfaction, worker
burnout, and one of the major problems resulting from job unhappiness,
substance abuse. The approaches suggested in this chapter are those with
best evidence of effectiveness, but problems related to substance abuse
and long-term depression require thoughtful review of the literature and
are difficult to resolve for many workers because of the length of the
problem and because our efforts to date to find effective treatments are
still at an early stage. The approaches included in this chapter are: life
coaching; brief and long-term treatment for mild depression associated
with early stage burnout; treating anxiety often associated with demand-
ing work that creates overstimulation; the use of groups in treating work-
related problems; and treatment approaches for substance abuse, including
those informed by research findings that many early substance abusers
improve with brief interventions or may never use professional treatment
at all but resolve problems on their own or with self-help programs that
offer support and a sense of community. Case examples are provided
throughout the chapter to show how each approach is applied to a client.
Life coaching is a brief, goal-oriented way of problem solving that
generally works on a specific problem with healthy people for a very lim-
ited amount of time. It is highly performance oriented and is much less
concerned with the development of insight or broader application to
other areas of life. Clients are generally people who have intrusive pro-
blems requiring quick solution. Work-related problems, job changes,
divorce work, and relationship problems may all be issues that respond
well to coaching.
The elements of life coaching that may be useful for work with job
dissatisfaction are the following. (1) Life coaching is geared to here and
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