Healthcare and Medicine Reference
In-Depth Information
glands) and the glands of Moll (modifi ed sweat glands) (Stephens et al.
1989). The eyelashes help to keep foreign particles from entering the ocular
surface system, as well as increase the sensitivity of the eye to touch. Refer
to Table 1 for the terms related to the eyelids or eyeball.
Table 1 This table summarizes words related to the eyelids or eyeball.
Eyelid-related defi nitions
Examples of use of term
Ankyloblepharon/
blepharosynechiae
Fusion of the upper to the lower eyelids
Blepharo-
Related to the eyelid
Blepharospasm
Blepharitis
Eyelid infl ammation
Anterior,
posteriorblepharitis
Blepharo-conjunctiva
Related to the eyelid and conjunctiva
Blepharo-conjunctivitis
Enophthalmos
Decreased palpebral fi ssures associated
with posterior movement of the eyeball
into the orbit
Traumatic enopthalmos
Epiblepharon
Congenital horizontal fold of skin over
the upper eyelid which can result in
inward-turning of the eyelashes of the
medial upper eyelid, common in people
of Asian origin
Exophthalmos
Increased palpebral fi ssures associated
with bulging of the eyeball from the
orbit
Intermittent, specifi c
exophthalmos
Entropion
Abnormal inward-turning of the eyelid
margin
Cicatricial, involutional,
acuspastic,
congenitalentropion
Ectropion
Abnormal outward-turning of the eyelid
margin
Involutional,
cicatricial, paralytic,
punctual, mechanical,
congenitalectropion
Lagophthalmos
Condition of inadequate eyelid closure
Nocturnal, paralytic
lagopthalmos
Marx's line
Refers to the muco-cutaneous junction at
the eyelid margin
Ptosis
Drooping of the eyelids
Involutional or paralytic
ptosis
Symblepharon
Condition where the palpebral
conjunctiva of the upper or lower
eyelids fusing with the bulbar
conjunctiva of the eyeball
Anterior, posterior,
totalsymblepharon
Trichiasis
Condition where backwardly directed
lashes cause irritation, usually due to
scarring of the eyelids
Trachomatoustrichiasis
 
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